The relocation of refugees to Dzaleka, justified as the need to uphold the 1989 Malawi Refugee Act, ignores the fact that the Act itself does not allow displaced people to access basic human rights. The Malawi government admitted to the need for revising its refugee policy, and made two public pledges to do so: in 2018 at the UN General Assembly in New York, and in 2019 at the UNHCR First Global Refugee Forum in Geneva. The 1989 Refugee Act is based on nine reservations to the conditions for hosting refugees that UN member states agreed at the 1951 Geneva Convention. This means that on nine points, Malawi does not allow refugees and asylum seekers certain rights.
Read the full statement here: Final-Joint Statement on relocation of Refugees